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Afisas

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Afisas es silabas o leteras juntada a un parola cual cambia la sinifia de la parola. Es du formas de afisas: prefisas (cual presede la parola) e sufisas (cual segue la parola). La plu de linguas en la mundo usa afisas. Alga linguas, como turces, suomi, magiar, tamil, e telugu usa multe afisas. Otra linguas, como xines, usa sola un pico de afisas. LFN usa un lista limitada:

Prefisas fundal Edit

  • auto- -- nomes, verbos, ajetivos: dirijeda a se mesma, refletante, automatida
    • 'autorespeta = respeta per se mesma
  • des- -- verbos: cansela o reversa la resultas de un causa.
    • desinfeta -- reversa un infeta
  • re- -- verbos: fa ancora, de nova, o a retro.
    • relua = lua ancora
  • non- -- ajetivos: no, la oposa de...
    • nonjusta = no justa
  • vise- -- nomes: un posto suordinada
    • visepresidente = la person ci fa la taxes de la presidente cuando la presidente es asente

Basic Prefixes Edit

  • auto- -- nouns, verbs, adjectives: self- (reflexive), auto- (automatic)
    • autorespeta, self-respect
  • des- -- verbs: to undo...
    • desinfeta, to disinfect.
  • re- -- verbs: to do over or again, or back, in the reverse direction
    • relua, to rehire.
  • non- -- adjectives: not, the opposite of...
    • nonjusta, unjust
  • vise- -- nouns: vice-, deputy...
    • visepresidente, vice-president

Sufisas fundal Edit

Nota: Parolas cual fini con un vocal nonasentuada perde esta vocal cuando segueda par un sufis cual comensa con un vocal. P.e. flor deveni floros, florin, flori, floreta, floror, floriste, floreria.

Basic SuffixesEdit

Note: Words ending in an unaccented vowel lose that vowel when followed by a suffix that begins with a vowel. E.g. flora, flower, becomes floros, flowery, florin, flower-like, flori, to blossom, floreta, florette, floror or floriste, florist, floreria, florist's store.

Verbos Edit

  • -i -- de nomes: usa un util o macina
    • telefoni = usa la telefon
  • -i -- de nomes o ajetivos: deveni... o fa deveni...
    • flori = deveni un flor
    • umidi = fa deveni umida
  • -eta -- de verbos: un varia peti
    • rieta = rie peti

VerbsEdit

  • -i -- from nouns: to use a tool or device.
    • telefoni, to telephone
  • -i -- from nouns or adjectives: to become..., to cause or make something become... Takes the place of endings such as -ify and -ize.
    • flori, to blossom.
    • umidi, to humidify.
  • -eta -- from verbs: a small version of an act.
    • rieta -- giggle.

Ajetivos Edit

  • -da -- de verbos: ci algun..., ce algun...
    • amada = ci algun ama
  • -nte -- de verbos: ci..., ce...
    • amante = ci ama
  • -able -- de verbos: ave la capas de es ...-da
    • amable = ave la capas de es amada
  • -in -- como
    • serpentin = de nomes: como un serpente
  • -os --
    • zucaros = plen de zucar
    • oros = fa de oro
    • festos = multe como un festa
  • -al -- de nomes: pertine a...
    • nasional = pertine a la nasion
  • -an -- de nomes: pertine a alga area, nasion, o lingua (vide la note en Nomes, a su)
    • american = de America
  • -iste -- de nomes: pertine a un relijio, filosofia, o crede
    • budiste = pertine a Budisme

AdjectivesEdit

  • -da -- nouns and adjectives from verbs: characterized by being... -ed
    • amada, loved, beloved.
  • -nte -- nouns and adjectives from verbs: characterized by doing...
    • amante, loving
  • -able -- from verbs: capable of being... -ed, worthy of being... -ed,
    • amable, lovable.
  • -in -- from nouns: similar to, like...
    • serpentin, serpentine, snake-like.
  • -os -- from nouns: full of..., made of...,
    • zucaros, sugary
    • oros, made of gold
    • festos, festive.
  • -al -- from nouns: pertaining to, relating to...
    • nasional, national.
  • -an -- from nouns: pertaining to some area, nation, or language (see note with -an under Nouns, below)
    • american
  • -iste -- from nouns: pertaining to a religion, philosophy, or other belief.
    • budiste, Buddhist

Nomes Edit

  • -or -- de ajetivos, nomes, o verbos: un person ci fa un cosa deveni... (ajetivo); un person ci fa... (verbos); o labora con... (nom), la plu part como un parte de se rol o carera*
    • dirijor = un ci dirije
    • carnor = un ci prepara carne
  • -ador -- de ajetivos, nomes, o verbos: un util, strumento, o macina ce fa un cosa deveni... (ajetivo); fa... (verbo); o labora con... (nom)
    • lavador = un macina per lava la vestes
    • umidador = un macina per umidi la aira
    • frescador = un macina per fresca la aira
  • -eria -- de ajetivos, nomes, o verbos: un loca de labora, boteca, o ofisia
    • carneria = un boteca do carne es preparada
  • -eta -- de nomes: un varia peti, vestes interna, enfantes de..., etc
    • senteta
    • boveta
    • pantaleta
  • -on -- de nomes: un varia grande, vestes esterna, etc
    • senton
    • telon
    • pantalon
  • -o -- de nomes: familia mas, arbores
    • tio
    • pero = la arbor con peras
  • -a -- de nomes: familia fema, fruta o nozes de un arbor
    • tia
    • pera = la fruta de la pero
  • -esa -- de nomes: la forma fema de alga roles antica
    • prinsesa
    • abadesa
  • -da -- de verbos: un person ci algun..., un cosa ce algun...
    • amada = un ci algun ama
  • -nte -- de verbos: un person ci..., un cosa ce...*
    • amante = un ci ama
  • -ia -- de nomes o ajetivos: nomes astrata, un profesa o campo de studia
    • madria = eser un madre
    • jelosia = eser jelos
    • psicolojia
  • -isme -- de nomes: un relijio o filosofia o otra sistem de crede
    • budisme = la relijio de Buda
  • -iste -- un ci adere a un crede, un ci practica un arte o un siensa, costumal como un profesa*
    • budiste = un person ci crede Budisme
    • psicolojiste = un ci studia psicolojia
  • -an -- de nomes: un person nativa o un ci abita en alga area o nasion, o la lingua de alga area, nasion, o popla**
    • american = un person de America
    • italian = un person o la lingua parlada en Italia

(*) Nota bon consernante -or, -iste, and -nte: Como nomes ce referi a persones, la usa de estas es un poca libre, e lfn plu comun usa la forma la plu comun entre la linguas roman.

(**) Nota bon consernante nasiones e popla: La nom, la lingua, e la forma ajetival de un parola ce referi a un nasionalia o un popla es la mesma e debe no es tro distante de la parola ce la popla usa per referi a se mesma, con -an usada si posible (american, italian) ma otra finis, como -es, -sce, -ica, -i, o no fini, usada si nesesa, pe engles, rusce, elinica, curdi, deutx, latina...

NounsEdit

  • -or -- from adjectives, nouns, or verbs: a person who makes or renders (adj.), does... (verb), or works with... (noun), commonly as part of his or her role or job*
    • dirijor, director
    • carnor, butcher
  • -ador -- from adjectives, nouns, or verbs: a tool, instrument, device, or machine which renders or makes things (adj.), does... (verb), or works with... (noun)
    • lavador, washing machine
    • umidador, humidifier
    • frescador, air conditioner
  • -eria -- from adjectives, nouns, or verbs: the place of work, a shop, or office...
    • carneria, butcher shop
  • -eta -- from nouns: diminutive, miniature version, young of some creature, inner clothing...
    • senteta, stool
    • boveta, calf
    • pantaleta, underpants, panties
  • -on -- from nouns: augmentive, outsized version, outer clothing...
    • senton, armchair
    • telon, sheet or tablecloth
    • pantalon, long pants
  • -o -- from nouns, male relatives, trees
    • tio, uncle
    • pero, pear tree
  • -a -- from nouns, female relatives, the fruit or nut of a tree
    • tia, aunt
    • pera, pear
  • -esa -- from nouns, female form for certain antiquated roles
    • princesa
    • abadesa
  • -da -- nouns and adjectives from verbs: a person or thing characterized by being... -ed
    • amada, loved one, beloved.
  • -nte -- nouns and adjectives from verbs: a person or thing characterized by doing...*
    • amante, loving one
  • -ia -- from nouns or adjectives: abstract nouns, a profession or field of study
    • madria, motherhood
    • jelosia, jealousy
    • psicolojia, psychology
    • Takes the place of a variety of suffixes, such as -ity, -ship, and -hood
  • -isme -- from nouns: a religion or philosophy or other system of belief
    • budisme
  • -iste -- from nouns: one who adheres to a belief, one who practices an art or science, commonly as his or her profession*
    • budiste
    • psicolojiste
  • -an -- from nouns: a native or, or dweller in, some area or nation, or the language of some area, nation, or people,**
    • american
    • italian

(*) A note on -or, -iste, and -nte: As nouns refering to people, the use of these is rather free, and lfn usually goes with the form most common among the source languages.

(**) A note on nationalities or peoples: The name, the language, and the adjective form of a word referring to a nationality or a people are identical, and should not stray too far from how the people refer to themselves, with -an used if possible, e.g. american, italian... , but other endings, such as -es, -sce, -ica, -i, or none at all, used as needed, e.g. engles, rusce, elinica, curdi, deutx, latina....

Numeros Edit

  • -i -- fratos
    • desi = un divideda par des
  • -uple -- multiplias o un grupo
    • duple = un grupo de du

NumbersEdit

  • -i -- fractions
    • desi, one tenth.
  • -uple -- multiples or a group
    • duple, double, duet, couple

Deduidas ce no nesesa cambias Edit

  • nomes de ajetivos: alga cosa o alga person con esta cualia.
    • la belas = los ci es bela = la persones bela
  • nomes de verbos: un ocure spesial de un ata, la prosede de un ata, o la seguentes pronto de un ata.
    • la dansa, la condui, la corti...

Derivatives requiring no change Edit

  • nouns from adjectives: something or someone so characterized.
    • la belas, the beauties.
  • nouns from verbs: a specific instance of an act, the process of an act, or the immediate consequences of an act.
    • la dansa, the dance, la condui, the conduct, la corti, the cut...
    • Takes the place of a number of endings, such as -ment (as in experiment) and -tion (as in creation).

Vide ance: Edit

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